We come across pentagons every day. Take a close look at a house. The outline of the house when viewed from the side has five sides and five angles. This makes it a pentagon.
Pentagons are shapes with five angles and five straight sides. Penta is a prefix that means five. Gon is a suffix that means angles. When the two terms are put together, they refer to the five angles within a polygon.
Pentagons are a type of polygon. Polygons are shapes that have many angles. Poly is a prefix that means many.
Polygons have many straight lines that enclose the shape and therefore form many angles. If the sides were not straight or if any side was open, then it would not be a polygon.
Interesting Facts about Pentagons
You probably encounter pentagons in your daily life. However, do you ever take the time to appreciate these shapes?
Here are some fun pentagon shape facts about you probably didn’t know.
1. Pentagons consist of five parts
Pentagons consist of five basic parts:
- Sides: these are the line segments that form the outline of the pentagon shape
- Vertices : A vertex is the point at which two line segments meet
- Diagonal: These are the lines that connect two opposite vertices
- Exterior Angles: These angles are formed on the outside of the pentagon where two adjacent sides meet.
- Interior Angles: These are formed where two sides of the pentagon meet
2. All pentagons must have straight sides though the sides aren’t always the same length
In order for a shape to be considered a pentagon, it must have five straight sides. However, these sides don’t have to be of equal length.
Sides may be of different lengths or some sides may be the same length. However, no side should be left open as this would not be considered a pentagon.
A pentagon whose sides and angles are not equal is known as an irregular pentagon.
3. Regular pentagons have equal sides and angles
Regular pentagons are the most common type of pentagons used to solve problems in basic geometry. These pentagons have five equal sides. They also have five equal angles. They are the type of pentagon that many people are familiar with.
4. Pentagons can be concave
Pentagons are considered to be concave when one internal angle measures more than 180 degrees. This causes two sides of the pentagon to cave or sink in and form a concave shape.
5. Pentagons can be convex
Pentagons are considered to be convex when all the interior angles are less than 180 degrees. These are simple pentagons. They are the pentagons that many people are familiar with.
6. The measurements for interior and exterior angles in a regular pentagon are always the same
Each internal angle of a regular pentagon always measures 108 degrees. Each exterior angle of a regular pentagon measures 72 degrees. This is the same for all regular pentagons.
7. The sum of all interior angles in a pentagon is 540 degrees
The sum of all the interior angles is equal to 540 degrees. It doesn’t matter whether you’re summing up the interior angles of a regular or irregular pentagon. The sum of the interior angles of all types of pentagons will be the same.
8. Pentagons can be cyclic
Cyclic pentagons are those pentagons in which a circle known as a circumcircle can go through all five vertices.
A circumcircle is a circumscribed circle. It passes through the vertices of a polygon. Polygons are known as cyclic polygons when the circle can touch all vertices.
9. Pentagons have an apothem
An apothem is a line segment that can be drawn from the center of a polygon to one of its sides.
These lines are perpendicular to the side of the polygon with which they meet. The apothem of a regular pentagon can be used to calculate its area.
10. Regular pentagons are made up of 5 congruent isosceles triangles
Regular pentagons can be divided using diagonal lines. This results in 5 isosceles triangles. These triangles are congruent. This means that they are the same size and shape.
If you want to find the area of a regular pentagon, you simply need to find the area of one triangle and multiply the area by 5.
11. Regular pentagons are made up of 10 congruent right isosceles triangles
If you extended an apothem from the center of a pentagon to each side of a pentagon, you would form 10 congruent right-angled isosceles triangles.
You can find the area of the pentagon by calculating the area of one right-angled triangle and multiplying the area by 10.
12. You can find a total of 35 triangles within a regular pentagon
If you were to draw lines within a pentagon joining different vertices, you would create a combination of triangles of different sizes.
You will find a total of 35 equilateral, isosceles, scalene, obtuse, acute, and right-angled triangles.
Pentagons are a polygon that we encounter every day. However, not many of us take the time to consider the many wonders that this shape holds.